About Florence

Florence, capital of the region of Tuscany, has a population of around half a million inhabitants, spreads on the banks of the Arno, between the Adriatic and the Tyrrhenian seas, almost in the middle of the Italian peninsula. It is a city which bustles with industry and craft, commerce and culture, art and science. Being on the main national railway lines, it is easily accessible from most important places both in Italy and abroad. The Florence “Vespucci” airport, where both national and international airlines stop, is located 5 Km. from the city centre. The main motorway, A1, connects Florence with Bologna and Milano in the North and Rome and Naples in the South. The motorway A11 to the sea joins it to Prato, Pistoia, Montecatini, Lucca, Pisa and all the resorts on the Tyrrhenian sea. There is also motorway which connects Florence to Siena. The climate is temperate but rather variable, with breezy winters and hot summers.
The Chianti area, between Florence and Siena, is one of the most beautiful countrysides in Italy and a famous wine production area.


Founded by the Romans in the first century B.C., Florence began its rebirth after the decadence of the barbaric ages, in the Carolingian period, and reached its highest pinnacles of civilization between the 11th and 15th centuries, as a free city, balancing the authority of the Emperors with that of the Popes, overcoming the unfortunate internal dispute between Guelfs and Ghibellines. In the 15th century, it came under the rule of the Medici family, who later became the Grand Dukes of Tuscany. This in fact was the period when the city was at the height of its glory in art and culture, in politics and economic power. The Grand Duchy of the Medicis was succeeded, in the 18th century, by that of the House of Lorraine, when in 1860 Tuscany became part of the Kingdom of Italy of which Florence was the capital from 1865 to 1871. In this century, the city has once more taken up its role as an important centre for culture and the arts.


Florence contains an exceptional artistic patrimony, glorious testimony to its secular civilization. Cimabue and Giotto, the fathers of Italian painting, lived here, along with Arnolfo and Andrea Pisano, reformists of architecture and sculpture; Brunelleschi, Donatello and Masaccio, founders of the Renaissance; Ghiberti and the Della Robbia; Filippo Lippi and l’Angelico; Botticelli and Paolo Uccello; the universal geniuses Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Their works, along with those of many generations of artists up to the masters of the present century, are gathered in the city’s many museums. In Florence, thanks to Dante, the Italian language was born; with Petrarch and Boccaccio literary studies were affirmed; with Humanism the philosophy and values of classical civilization were revived; with Machiavelli modern political science was born; with Guicciardini, historical prose; and with Galileo, modern experimental science. Up to the time of Charlemagne, Florence was a university town. Today it includes many specialized institutes and is an international cultural center. Academies, art schools, scientific institutes and cultural centers all contribute to the city’s intense activity


Tours can be reserved through the website of the Florentine tour operator CAF TOURS.


In the confirmation cart you can digit the code ICAS2024 to get the 5% discount on official rates.

The Organising Secretariat of ICAS 2024 is not involved in the organization of the tours. CAF TOURS is the only responsible.


Time Zone

Florence local time in August is GMT + 2 hour (CEST). Timing indicated in the program is to be considered on a CEST - Central European Summer Time basis (GMT + 2).


Euro (EUR) All major credit cards (Visa, MasterCard, American Express) are accepted in most of the restaurants, shops etc.


The electric current supplied is 220 V. Round, two-pin plug points are available, as elsewhere in Europe. In case you have any devices from the USA or UK, please remember to bring a transformer/adapter.


Most Florence banks open between 08:30 and 13:30 and 14:45 to 15:45 Monday to Friday. They are closed on weekends and public holidays and most of them have a cash dispenser and a currency exchange service.

Useful telephone numbers in Florence

  • Medical emergency: 118
  • Fire emergency: 115
  • Police: 113
  • Florence airport – information: 055 3061300
  • Florence airport – lost luggage: 055 3061302
  • For international calls from Italy: 00 + country code + number
  • For international calls to Italy: +39 + city code + number
  • 24hour Pharmacies: Santa Maria Novella Station Via Calzaiuoli, 7 r – Piazza San Giovanni, 20